Nosebleeds are one of those things that baffle people. Most of us rarely have them, while others seems to get them all. the. time – so what can be done as soon as you get a nosebleed? Is there serious cause for worry when you feel the symptoms that come with a nosebleed like shortness of breath, a racing heart, and dizziness? What about if it happens to your child? Can things at home help? Here’s everything you need to know.
What causes nosebleeds?
Why do people get nose bleeds in the first place? Simply, many reasons.
Stress can increase your blood pressure which can lead to nosebleeds. (1) Also, being hit in the nose and other injuries to the face may also cause nosebleeds – but if you get them frequently, can nosebleeds be a sign of something serious?
Nosebleeds are usually mild and easily treated. The common site for a nosebleed to start is just inside the entrance to the nostril; here the blood vessels are delicate and can rupture for no apparent reason. This area is also more likely to bleed with picking your nose, blowing it too hard, or your nose being too try due to a change in air temperature.
There are of course medical reasons for nosebleeds including blood clotting disorders, hypertension, or being on blood thinning tablets.
Despite the cause, treatment in the form of first aid is the first step in management.
Who mostly gets nosebleeds?
Children, elderly people and pregnant women are more prone to nosebleeds.
Children tend to rub and pick their nose when their nose is dry, blocked, or itchy. Some kids really blow their nose hard and that can also cause bleeding. Children who have nasal allergies, which can be seasonal, are also more likely to have nosebleeds because they rub their noses and blow them more often and blow harder.
Nosebleeds are extremely common throughout childhood and there is a good chance that your child will have several as they grow up. (2)
How to stop a nosebleed fast at home
As soon as you get a nosebleed, reach for some household items to help you deal with it quickly. The best things you can do and home remedies for nosebleeds are:
1. If you are not feeling faint, sit up and lean slightly forward
2. With your finger and thumb, pinch the lower fleshy end of the nose to completely block the nostrils. You will need to breathe through your mouth. It is useless to put pressure over the hard boney bridge of your nose. Apply pressure for 10-15 minutes and the bleeding should stop.
3. Ideally if available, place a cold flannel or ice pack around the end of the nose as this helps the blood vessels to close down (constrict) and stop bleeding.
4. There are also some things you should do after a nosebleed – when your nosebleed stops, do not blow your nose, pick your nose, pick any scabs, drink hot drinks, drink alcohol, or do any heavy lifting or strenuous exercise for 24 hours.
How to prevent nosebleeds
If you get frequent nosebleeds, it’s time to get down to the bottom of what’s going on. Please seek medical advice and speak to your Doctor if:
• you are having recurrent nosebleeds often
• you are on blood-thinning medication
• you have a blood condition that means your blood doesn't clot properly
• you have symptoms such as pallor, shortness of breath, dizziness, or racing heart, i.e. symptoms of anaemia.
Nosebleeds are never fun – however certain home remedies can help ease the pressure in your face and may relieve pain. Should you be worried about yourself or your child, please seek medical attention or speak to your Doctor as soon as possible.